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The Salernitano Horse
The origin of the Salernitano Horse dates back to the settlements of Greek horses in southern Italy after the founding of Paestum, later crossed both with Carthaginian and Etruscan horses and with oriental horses, due to the Saracen invasions and trade exchanges promoted by Amalfi merchants.
But the ancestors of Salernitano Horse are certainly to be found among the horses belonging to the Royal Race of Persano of the stables of Charles III Bourbon obtained by mating with Arabian stallions and even Andalusi.
For about two centuries the Persano Horse remained the most typical breed of southern Italy and the crossing of Persano specimens carefully selected with English Thoroughbred allowed to obtain a horse of extreme docility and obedience, elegant and very robust.
Towards the end of the 1800s, during the periods of ownership of the Royal Bourbon breeding, some breeders of the Salernitano Horse attempted to improve the breed by crossing their own specimens, sometimes in an imprudent manner, with the most disparate breeds such as Hackney, Maremmano, Norfolk and French Trotters.
Unfortunately, with the influx of blood Mecklenburg began the slow but inexorable decline of the race, rapidly falling into oblivion after the unification of Italy.
At the beginning of the twentieth century the new demands due to the outbreak of the Great War accelerated the revaluation of the Persano Horse and the Jubilee stallions – an English Thoroughbred – and Giacobello – oriental half-breed – coupled with about eighty breeds of various breeds gave life to saddle horses and from light shot of excellent character and invoice and correct morphology.
During the ’30s the Salernitano Horse benefited from important stallions, in particular the two English Thoroughbred My First and Rockbridge, thus changing the original appearance.
Later the breeding of the Persano Horse underwent other vicissitudes, until its total transfer, in 1970, in the Grosseto and only thanks to the great passion of private breeders, assisted by the Deposit Stalloni of Santa Maria Capua and Vetere, the Salernitano Horse is back in the limelight also thanks to the results obtained by some triumphant subjects in various international competitions.
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